Attorney General Likando Kalaluka has asked the High Court in Ndola to interpret what is meant by a “Grade 12 certificate” in the amended Constitution, and whether or not a higher qualification allows a person to stand for a political office. “It is our considered submission that a person who holds a higher or similar qualification as a Grade 12 certificate would have a similar or equal effect or value as one who holds a Grade 12 certificate,” he submitted. The new Constitution requires that all MPs and local government councillors must posses a minimum qualification of Grade 12, or equivalent, and this has led to all sorts of confusion, as many of the existing politicians do not possess a Grade 12 certificate, although some of them have similar or higher qualifications. The Examination Council of Zambia, which is defining the Grade 12 requirement very narrowly, has thus been presented with numerous forged Grade 12 certificates in its on-going verification process on behalf of the Electoral Commission of Zambia. The new requirement has also resulted in a bit of a tit-for-tat dare amongst top politicians, with UPND Vice-President Geoffrey Bwalya Mwamba challenging President Lungu and other leaders in the ruling PF party to display their Grade 12 certificates, as PF and UPND officials accuse each other of not having a Grade 12 certificate.